Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.26

Gita 4.26

श्रोत्रादीनीन्द्रियाण्यन्ये संयमाग्निषु जुह्वति।
शब्दादीन्विषयानन्य इन्द्रियाग्निषु जुह्वति।।4.26।।

Others offer the senses, viz shrotra etc., in the fires of self-control. Others offer the vishayas, viz shabda etc., in the fires of the senses.

Other yogis offer senses like shrotra etc in the fires of self-control. Since self-control is possible for every sense, therefore the agni is used in plural. Self-control alone is the fire. Yogis offer senses in those fires. The meaning is that they control the senses. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.26”

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Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.25

Gita 4.25

दैवमेवापरे यज्ञं योगिनः पर्युपासते।
ब्रह्माग्नावपरे यज्ञं यज्ञेनैवोपजुह्वति।।4.25।।

Other yogis perform yajna to devatas alone, Others offer the atman by the atman itself, in the fire of Brahman.

A few verses are started in order to do the stuti of jnana-yajna. Bhagvan says here that a yajna through which devatas are propitiated is known as daiva-yajna. Other yogis i.e. karmis (not involved in jnana-yajna) perform those daiva-yajnas alone. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.25”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.24

Gita 4.24

ब्रह्मार्पणं ब्रह्महविर्ब्रह्माग्नौ ब्रह्मणा हुतम्।
ब्रह्मैव तेन गन्तव्यं ब्रह्मकर्मसमाधिना।।4.24।।

The ladle is Brahman, the oblation is Brahman, the offering is poured by Brahman in the fire of Brahman. Brahman alone is to be reached by him who has concentration on Brahman as the objective [As an object to be known and attained].

A question was raised in the previous shloka as to why exactly the kriyamana karma is destroyed completely along with its karma-fala without initiating its own karya (effect) for a person who had the three features mentioned therein namely ‘Gata-sangasya’, ‘Muktasya’ and ‘Jnana-avsthita-chetasah’. In order to respond to this query. Bhagvan starts this shloka. (Please note that 4.23 was for a person mentioned in 4.20 who continues to engage in karma due to prarabdha despite being endowed with the vision of Nishkriya Atman). Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.24”

Vedanta-Prabodh

Talks on Vedanta 8/15

Topics covered:

11. Analysis of three bodies

The pdf file containing the details of issues covered in talk in question-answer format is as under:-

11. Analysis of three bodies

The audio recording of the talk can be accessed from here:-

Audio of Talks on Vedanta – 8/15

Thoughts

The Fundamental Error – Adhyasa

It is very clear to everyone that he has three states of waking, dream and deep sleep. His experiences in all these states vary. In waking and dream, he is having several thoughts and is happy as well as sad depending on situation. However, he does not have thoughts in the deep sleep. Further, he is quite happy there. This is evident from his statement in waking state which he makes after getting up from deep sleep – ‘I did not know anything, I slept happily’. However, one does not doubt his own existence there because otherwise this statement of experience could not be made. One has to be there in deep sleep so as to make this experiential statement of absence of knowledge and happiness later. Continue reading “The Fundamental Error – Adhyasa”

Vedanta-Prabodh

Talks on Vedanta 7/15

Topics covered:

10. The Attributeless Brahman

The pdf file containing the details of issues covered in talk in question-answer format is as under:-

10. The Attributeless Brahman

The audio recording of the talk can be accessed from here:-

Audio of Talks on Vedanta – 7/15

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.23

Gita 4.23

गतसङ्गस्य मुक्तस्य ज्ञानावस्थितचेतसः।
यज्ञायाचरतः कर्म समग्रं प्रविलीयते।।4.23।।

All karmas done for yajna by a person who is devoid of attachment, who is liberated and whose chitta is situated in jnana is destroyed along with their karma-fala.

By shloka 4.20, it was shown that there is actually no karma for a person Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.23”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.22

Gita 4.22

यदृच्छालाभसन्तुष्टो द्वन्द्वातीतो विमत्सरः।
समः सिद्धावसिद्धौ च कृत्वापि न निबध्यते।।4.22।।

Remaining content with whatever chance brings, having gone beyond the dualities, being free from malice, and equanimous in success and failure, he is not bound even by performing actions.

This verse is initiated by Bhagvan in order to prescribe the means of obtaining food etc for a sanyasi who is described in previous verse.

‘Yaddrichha-labha’ means what comes without having asked for. ‘Yaddrichha-labha-santushtah’ means one who gets the thought that he has had enough, who is content, by ‘Yaddrichha-labha’. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.22”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.21

Gita 4.21

निराशीर्यतचित्तात्मा त्यक्तसर्वपरिग्रहः।
शारीरं केवलं कर्म कुर्वन्नाप्नोति किल्बिषम्।।4.21।।

One who is devoid of expectations, who has his body and mind under control, who has renounced all possessions and who does karma only to sustain his body does not incur sin. 

One from whom expectations have departed is called Nirashi.

One whose chitta i.e. antah-karana and atman i.e. external complex of karya and karana i.e. body and senses are under control is called yata-chitta-atma. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.21”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.20

Gita 4.20

त्यक्त्वा कर्मफलासङ्गं नित्यतृप्तो निराश्रयः।
कर्मण्यभिप्रवृत्तोऽपि नैव किञ्चित्करोति सः।।4.20।।

Having given up attachment to the karma-fala, he who is ever-contented, dependent on nothing, certainly does not do anything despite being engaged in karma.

Bhagvan starts this verse in order to show that for a person having the vision of akarma etc in karma etc even if the renunciation of karma is impossible due to some reason or the other and he is engaged in karmas like before, still he does not do anything because of lack of attachment in karma and the karma-fala. Because of the karmas having been burnt in the fire of jnana, his karma is akarma only.  Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.20”