Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.11

Gita 4.11

ये यथा मां प्रपद्यन्ते तांस्तथैव भजाम्यहम्।
मम वर्त्मानुवर्तन्ते मनुष्याः पार्थ सर्वशः।।4.11।।

According to the manner in which they approach Me, I favour them in that very manner. O Partha, human beings follow My path in every way.

A doubt was raised in the previous shloka. It was said that Bhagvan would be attributed with raga and dvesha on account of the fact that he gives His state only to some and not to all. It would be alleged that this selective giving of His state to some is due to raga and dvesha. This verse is initiated in response thereto.

Bhagvan says that the manner in which seeking whatever fruit people approach Him, He favours them in that very manner by giving that fruit. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.11”

Advertisements
Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.10

Gita 4.10

वीतरागभयक्रोधा मन्मया मामुपाश्रिताः।
बहवो ज्ञानतपसा पूता मद्भावमागताः।।4.10।।

Many who were devoid of attachment, fear and anger, who were absorbed in Me, who had taken refuge in Me, and were purified by the tapas (=austerity) of jnana, have attained My state.

Bhagvan starts this verse in order to show that this path to Moksha has not come about recently. It has been there earlier also. In this context, Shri Bhagvan asserts that there are many people:-

  • who are devoid of attachment, bhaya and krodha., AND
  • who are absorbed in Me i.e. who are knowers of Brahman i.e. who are the seers of non-difference with Ishwara, AND
  • who depend solely on Parameshwara i.e. Myself i.e. who are having only jnana-nishtha

Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.10”

Vedanta-Prabodh

Talks on Vedanta 2/15

Topics covered:

1. Theories of creation

2. The Vedic theory (partially covered)

The pdf files containing the details of issues covered in talk in question-answer format for first topic -“Theories of creation” – is as under:-

5. Theories of creation

The audio recording of the talk can be accessed from here:-

Audio of Talks on Vedanta – 2/15

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.9

Gita 4.9

जन्म कर्म च मे दिव्यमेवं यो वेत्ति तत्त्वतः।
त्यक्त्वा देहं पुनर्जन्म नैति मामेति सोऽर्जुन।।4.9।।

O Arjuna, one who knows my divine birth and karma in such manner in truth does not get rebirth after casting off the body. He reaches Me. 

In continuation to previous verse, Bhagvan says that His birth of having the form of Maya (refer to 4.6 and 4.7) and His karma of protecting sadhus etc (refer 4.8) are divine, supernatural and lordly (Aishwaram). Bhagvan further says that who thus knows His birth and karma in truth, in as it is fashion, does not get born again after casting off the body.  Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.9”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.8

Gita 4.8

परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम्।
धर्मसंस्थापनार्थाय संभवामि युगे युगे।।4.8।।

For the protection of the sadhus, the destruction of the evil-doers, and establishing dharma, I come into being in every yuga.

A question was raised in previous verse regarding the purpose of Bhagvan creating Himself. In response thereto, this shloka states that the purpose is threefold. They are as follows:- Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.8”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.7

Gita 4.7

यदा यदा हि धर्मस्य ग्लानिर्भवति भारत।
अभ्युत्थानमधर्मस्य तदाऽऽत्मानं सृजाम्यहम्।।4.7।।

O scion of the Bharata dynasty, I create Myself whenever there is a decline of dharma and increase of adharma.

A question was raised in the previous shloka as to when exactly and for which purpose does the birth (Of Bhagvan) occur. In response thereto, this shloka states that dharma has the lakshana (=attribute) of varna-ashrama etc and it is the tool of living beings to achieve abhyudaya (=material prosperity) and nihshreyas (=Moksha). Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.7”

Vedanta-Prabodh

Talks on Vedanta – 1/15

Topics covered:

1. Anubandh Chatushtaya

2. Sadhan chatushtaya sampatti

3. Guru

4. Pramana – means of knowledge

The pdf files containing the details of issues covered in talk in question-answer format is as under:-

Chapter 1-4

The audio recording of the talk can be accessed from here:-

Audio of Talks on Vedanta – 1/15

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.6

Gita 4.6

अजोऽपि सन्नव्ययात्मा भूतानामीश्वरोऽपि सन्।
प्रकृतिं स्वामधिष्ठाय संभवाम्यात्ममायया।।4.6।।

Though I am birthless, imperishable by nature, and the Ishwara of living beings, (still) by subjugating My Prakriti, I take birth by means of My own Maya.

Bhagvan said in the previous verse that He knew about all births of His and Arjuna’s but Arjuna did not know them. This was so because Arjuna’s jnana-shakti was obstructed by dharma and adharma while Krishna’s jnana-shakti was unimpeded due to his eternally pure, enlightened and liberated nature. The question arises as to how can such eternal Ishwara be born in the absence of dharma and adharma. In response thereto, this verse is initiated. Bhagvan says that He is devoid of birth AND He is imperishable by nature i.e. He is of the nature of undiminished jnana-shakti AND He is the Ishwara (master, Lord) of bhootas right from Brahmaji to a tuft of grass. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.6”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.5

Gita 4.5

श्री भगवानुवाच
बहूनि मे व्यतीतानि जन्मानि तव चार्जुन।
तान्यहं वेद सर्वाणि न त्वं वेत्थ परन्तप।।4.5।।

Shri Bhagvan said: O Arjuna, many lives of Mine have passed, and so have yours. I know them all, (but) you know not, O scorcher of enemies!

This verse is initiated in order to remove the doubts of dull-witted persons who don’t think of Vasudeva as omniscient Ishwara. Bhagvan says to Arjuna that many births of His have occurred and also of Arjuna. However, He knows all those births but Arjuna doesn’t.

Question: Why exactly doe Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.5”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.4

Gita 4.4

अर्जुन उवाच
अपरं भवतो जन्म परं जन्म विवस्वतः।
कथमेतद्विजानीयां त्वमादौ प्रोक्तवानिति।।4.4।।

Arjuna said: Your birth has been later, (whereas) the birth of Vivasvan was earlier. How am I to understand this that You instructed (him) in the beginning?

Bhagvan had stated in previous couple of verses that he had spoken the same yoga to Arjuna which was earlier instructed by Him to Vivasvaan considering the fact that the sampradaya has snapped and that the yoga is lost. This was further reinforced by the fact that Arjuna was His devotee and friend. Now someone may find a contradiction in the words of Bhagvan here. Apprehending so, Arjuna asked, as if doubting, to Krishna in order to remove that misunderstanding. He asks that the birth of Bhagvan is recent and it happened in Vasudev’s house. And the birth of Vivasvaan, Sun was at the beginning of creation. Then how exactly Bhagvan’s assertion should be understood as free from contradiction? Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.4”