अशोच्यानन्वशोचस्त्वं प्रज्ञावादांश्च भाषसे।
गतासूनगतासूंश्च नानुशोचन्ति पण्डिताः।।2.11।।
The Blessed Lord said You grieve for whose who are not to be grieved for; and you speak words of wisdom! The learned do not grieve for the departed and those who have not departed.
Bhagvan Vasudeva saw that Arjuna is confused about dharma and that he is submerged in great ocean of shoka due to false knowledge. He felt that Arjuna cannot be saved except through Atma-jnana. Therefore, in order to liberate Arjuna, God spoke as the preface of Atma-jnana.
Arjuna thought that he would be the cause of death of Bhimshma, Drona etc and that the joy of kingdom would be pointless without them. Thinking so, he grieved. However, Bhishma, Drona etc were not to be grived for on two counts:-
- They were of good conduct.
- In their essential nature i.e in their swaroopa, they were eternal.
Thus, while Arjuna spoke the words of wisdom, his conduct was that of an unwise person. Therefore, he displayed the behavior of a lunatic.
Those having Atma-vishayak-buddhi (=panda) are called pandita. The panditas grieve neither for the dead nor for the living. Since, Arjuna was in grief for those who were eternal in their essence, he was regarded as a mudha (non-pandita) by Bhagvan.
How are Bhishma, Drona etc are non worthy of being grieved for? Because they are eternal. How can they be said to be eternal? [That is discussed in next shloka].