Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.23

Gita 4.23

गतसङ्गस्य मुक्तस्य ज्ञानावस्थितचेतसः।
यज्ञायाचरतः कर्म समग्रं प्रविलीयते।।4.23।।

All karmas done for yajna by a person who is devoid of attachment, who is liberated and whose chitta is situated in jnana is destroyed along with their karma-fala.

By shloka 4.20, it was shown that there is actually no karma for a person:-

  • who becomes endowed with the vision of atman as Nishkriya Brahman and thus sees the absence of doership, karma and purpose of his atman and who thereby sees the appropriateness of renunciation of karma; BUT
  • who continues to remain engaged in karma as before due to prarabdha.

This verse speaks about such a person for whom absence of karma was mentioned in 4.20 (despite doing karma).

‘Gata-sangasya’ means one who is devoid of attachment from everything.

‘Muktasya’ means one who is devoid of all bondage of dharma and adharma etc.

‘Jnana-avasthit-chetasah’ means one whose chitta is situated in jnana.

The karmas done for yajna by such a person having the above-mentioned three features are destroyed totally along with their karma-fala. ‘Samagra’ means totally along with its consequence, the fala. (Both karma and karma-fala are destroyed. The karma here refers to the karma done for yajna by a person having the three features).

Why exactly the kriyamana karma is destroyed completely along with its karma-fala without initiating its own karya (effect)?

Here it is said (in next shloka):-

 

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