Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 7.4

Gita 7.4

भूमिरापोऽनलो वायुः खं मनो बुद्धिरेव च।
अहङ्कार इतीयं मे भिन्ना प्रकृतिरष्टधा।।7.4।।

This eight-fold distinctive Prakriti of Mine comprises earth, water, fire, air, space, mind, buddhi and ahamkara.

Bhagvan starts (conveying) the jnana which He promised in first two shlokas. By the word ‘earth’, it is not the gross earth which is meant. Rather it is the prithvi-tanmatra which is meant Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 7.4”

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Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 7.3

Gita 7.3

मनुष्याणां सहस्रेषु कश्चिद्यतति सिद्धये ।
यततामपि सिद्धानां कश्चिन्मां वेत्ति तत्त्वतः ।।7.3।।

Among thousands of human beings, some rare one makes effort for siddhi. Among so striving siddhas, some rare one knows me in tattva (reality). 

This shloka was initiated by Shri Bhagvan in order to explain as to how jnana is extremely rare owing to it having special fala. Bhagvan says that some rare one puts in effort for siddhi among several thousands of human beings. Siddhas are indeed they who put in effort for Moksha. Even among (such) striving siddhas, some rare one alone knows Me in tattva, as I (actually) am.

Having drawn the attention of the listener by arousing interest, Shri Bhagvan says (in next shloka):-

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 7.2

Gita 7.2

ज्ञानं तेऽहं सविज्ञानमिदं वक्ष्याम्यशेषतः।
यज्ज्ञात्वा नेह भूयोऽन्यज्ज्ञातव्यमवशिष्यते।।7.2।।

I shall tell you this jnana in entirety along with vijana after knowing which, there shall not remain anything else here to be known again.

Shri Bhagvan continues from the previous shloka. He says that He shall speak that jnana, having Him as the vishaya:-

  • along with vijnana i.e. coupled with own experience (swa-anubhava-yuktam) in entirety to Arjuna; AND
  • after knowing which, there shall not remain anything knowable purushartha-sadhana here to be known again.

Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 7.2”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 7.1

Gita 7.1

श्री भगवानुवाच
मय्यासक्तमनाः पार्थ योगं युञ्जन्मदाश्रयः।
असंशयं समग्रं मां यथा ज्ञास्यसि तच्छृणु।।7.1।।

O Partha, engaged in yoga with mind attached in Me and with Me as (your) support, listen as to how you would know Me completely without any doubt. 

‘Mayyasaktmanah’ refers to one whose mind is attached in Me, the Parameshwara who is possessed of the adjectives to be explained later; Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 7.1”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- Introduction to Chapter 7

After having presented the seed of the question in Gita 6.47, and with the intention to explain on his own – ‘such and such is the tattva regarding Me, you have your your antah-karana concentrated in Me in this manner’ – Shri Bhagvan stated (in next shloka):-

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 6.47

Gita 6.47

योगिनामपि सर्वेषां मद्गतेनान्तरात्मना।
श्रद्धावान्भजते यो मां स मे युक्ततमो मतः।।6.47।।

Even among all yogis, he who worships me with shraddha and with his antah-karana concentrated on Me; he is considered to be the best yukta (engaged in yoga).  

Shri Bhagvan continues from previous shloka. He says that even among all yogis who are dedicated to the dhyana of Rudra, Aditya etc; he who worships Me or serves Me with shraddha and with concentrated antah-karana unto Me Vasudeva; he is considered to be the best yukta i.e. the best (person) engaged in yoga intensely. This is My view.

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 6.46

Gita 6.46

तपस्विभ्योऽधिको योगी ज्ञानिभ्योऽपि मतोऽधिकः।
कर्मिभ्यश्चाधिको योगी तस्माद्योगी भवार्जुन।।6.46।।

A yogi is superior to a tapasvi; he is also considered to be superior to jnani. A yogi is superior to karmi. Hence, o Arjuna, you become a yogi.

Shri Bhagvan continues from previous shloka. He says that such being the case (the yogi achieving supreme state after samyak-darshan):

  • a yogi is superior to a tapasvi;
  • he is considered better than even a jnani. Jnana here refers to the mastery of the meaning of shastra (shastra-artha-pandityam).
  • He is superior to a karmi. Karmi refers to one who is engaged in karmas such as Agnihotra etc.

This being so, o Arjuna, you become a yogi.

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 6.45

Gita 6.45

प्रयत्नाद्यतमानस्तु योगी संशुद्धकिल्बिषः।
अनेकजन्मसंसिद्धस्ततो याति परां गतिम्।।6.45।।

However, due to putting in intense efforts, the yogi purified from sins and having attained samsiddhi through many births, then achieves the supreme state.

This shloka is initiated by Shri Bhagvan to answer the question as to the additional reason for which yogi-tva is superior. He says that the vidvaan yogi Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 6.45”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 6.44

Gita 6.44

पूर्वाभ्यासेन तेनैव ह्रियते ह्यवशोऽपि सः।
जिज्ञासुरपि योगस्य शब्दब्रह्मातिवर्तते।।6.44।।

Despite not being a master of himself, he (the yoga-bhrashta) is carried over by that very abhyasa which was done (by him) in earlier lives. Even a jijnasu of yoga transgresses (karma-anushthana-fala mentioned in) the Vedas.   

Shri Bhagvan initiates this shloka in order to explain the reason due to which the yoga-bhrashta acquires the association with buddhi relating to earlier lives. Bhagvan answers that it is due to the powerful abhyasa which was performed in previous lives that the yoga-bhrashta is carried over to samsiddhi ( = samyak-darshana) despite not being a master of himself. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 6.44”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 6.43

Gita 6.43

तत्र तं बुद्धिसंयोगं लभते पौर्वदेहिकम्।
यतते च ततो भूयः संसिद्धौ कुरुनन्दन।।6.43।।

O Kuru-nandana, there he (the yoga-bhrashta) acquires the association with buddhi relating to previous body. And he puts in more effort for samsiddhi (samyak-darshan) due to that (samskara of earlier body). 

Shri Bhagvan continues from previous shloka. He says that he (yoga-bhrashta) acquires, in the family of yogis, the association with that buddhi which arose in previous body Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 6.43”