इमं विवस्वते योगं प्रोक्तवानहमव्ययम्।
विवस्वान् मनवे प्राह मनुरिक्ष्वाकवेऽब्रवीत्।।4.1।।
Shri Bhagvan said, “I imparted this imperishable Yoga to Vivasvan, Vivasvan taught this to Manu, and Manu transmitted this to Iksavaku”.
Shri Shankaracharya said in the introduction to chapter four that the yoga having the attribute of jnana-nishtha, which is attainable through karma-yoga and sanyas, is the yoga sought to be explained in entire Gita by Bhagvan. This yoga alone was explained by chapter two and three in which the entire meaning of Vedas culminates. Having realised that entire meaning of Vedas has been completed (communicated), Bhagvan speaks this shloka in order to glorify this yoga through tradition.
Bhagvan says that this yoga, stated through chapter two and three, was spoken by Him at the start of creation to Sun. This was taught by Him with a view to infuse vigour (=bala) in Kshatriya, the protectors of jagat, so that they, equipped with the power of this yoga, will be able to protect the Brahmans. If Brahmans and Kshatriya are protected, then the protection of jagat is ensured. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 4.1”