Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 2.32

Gita 2.32

यदृच्छया चोपपन्नं स्वर्गद्वारमपावृतम्।
सुखिनः क्षत्रियाः पार्थ लभन्ते युद्धमीदृशम्।।2.32।।

O son of Partha, happy are the Ksatriyas who come across this kind of a battle, which presents itself unsought for and which is an open gate to heaven.

Bhagvan explains in this verse as to how fighting in this war is a duty (kartavya) for Arjuna. He asks Arjuna a question. Are those kshatriyas not happy who get a war of this kind, which is an open gate to heaven, swarga.Read More »

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 2.31

Gita 2.31

स्वधर्ममपि चावेक्ष्य न विकम्पितुमर्हसि।
धर्म्याद्धि युद्धाछ्रेयोऽन्यत्क्षत्रियस्य न विद्यते।।2.31।।

Even considering your own duty you should not waver, since there is nothing else better for a Ksatriya than a righteous battle.

Bhagvan has spoken so far regarding the impossibility of shoka and moha from the point of view of absolute truth i.e. paramarth tattva. Now He proceeds to show from this shloka that shoka moha are impossible not from only this highest view point (but also from other reference points as well).Read More »

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 2.30

Gita 2.30

देही नित्यमवध्योऽयं देहे सर्वस्य भारत।

तस्मात्सर्वाणि भूतानि त्वं शोचितुमर्हसि।।2.30।।

O descendant of Bharata, this embodied Self existing in everyone’s body can never be killed. Therefore you ought not to grieve for all (these) beings.

Now for concluding the current topic of discussion, Bhagvan says that this dehi, shariri, i.e. the one embodied, which is within the body (and not the Brahman which is both body and the embodied), can never be killed.Read More »

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 2.29

Gita 2.29

आश्चर्यवत्पश्यति कश्चिदेनमाश्चर्यवद्वदति तथैव चान्यः । 
आश्चर्यवच्चैनमन्यः शृणोति श्रुत्वाप्येनं वेद  चैव कश्चित् ॥ 2.29॥

Someone visualizes It as a wonder; and similarly indeed, someone else talks of It as a wonder; and someone else hears of It as a wonder. And someone else, indeed, does not realize It even after hearing about It.

This atman, which is under discussion, is difficult to comprehend. Bhagvan says that it would be unfair for him to blame Arjuna for his non-comprehension of atman due to the fact that atman is the source of delusion to many. Read More »

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 2.28

Gita 2.28

अव्यक्तादीनि भूतानि व्यक्तमध्यानि भारत।
अव्यक्तनिधनान्येव तत्र का परिदेवना।।2.28।।

O descendant of Bharata, all beings remain unmanifest in the beginning; they become manifest in the middle. After death they certainly become unmanifest. What lamentation can there be with regard to them?

In this verse Bhagvan explains the pointlessness of grief presuming the living beings to be mere assemblage of senses and organs. He states that these sons, friends etc being the assemblage of senses and organsRead More »

Brahm Sutra Bhashya of Shankaracharya in Hindi – 1.2.24 to 1.2.32 – Vaisvanara

1.2.24

वैश्वानरः साधारणशब्दविशेषात्

(वैश्वानर परमेश्वर है क्योंकि यद्यपि ‘आत्मा’ और ‘वैश्वानर’ अनेकार्थक हैं, फिर भी उनका विशेषत: प्रयोग है)

शंका – (छांदोग्य उपनिषद् में) ‘कौन हमारा आत्मा है और ब्रह्म क्या है’ तथा “तुम अभी इस वैश्वानर आत्मा को जानते हो, इसे ही हमें बताओ” से आरम्भ कर फिर सुतेजस्त्व आदि गुण सम्पन्न द्यु, सूर्य, वायु, आकाश, वारि तथा पृथ्वी की अलग अलग उपासना की निंदा कर तत्पश्चात् इनका (द्यु आदि का) वैश्वानर के प्रति मूर्धा आदि भाव का उपदेश कर (उपनिषद्) कहता है – ‘जो इस आत्मा वैश्वानर को प्रादेश मात्र (spatially limited) तथा अभिविमान (identified with oneself) जानकर इसकी उपासना करता है, वह सभी लोकों में, सभी भूतों के द्वारा, सभी आत्माओं के द्वारा अन्न खाता है। उस इस आत्मा वैश्वानर का मूर्धा सुतेज, सुंदर प्रकाश वाला द्यु (स्वर्ग) है, सूर्य चक्षु है, प्राण वायु है, मध्य भाग आकाश है, बस्तिस्थान रयि है, पृथ्वी दो पैर है, वक्ष यज्ञ वेदी है, हृदय गार्हपत्य अग्नि है, मन अन्वाहार्यपचन अग्नि है तथा मुख आवहनीय अग्नि है’ (५।१८।१-२)। यहाँ संशय होता है कि वैश्वानर शब्द के द्वारा जाठराग्नि उपदिष्ट है, अथवा भूत अग्नि (element fire) अथवा उसका अभिमानी देवता अथवा शारीर (जीव) अथवा परमेश्वर। Read More »

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 2.27

Gita 2.27

जातस्य हि ध्रुवो मृत्युर्ध्रुवं जन्म मृतस्य च।
तस्मादपरिहार्येऽर्थे न त्वं शोचितुमर्हसि।।2.27।।

For death of anyone born is certain, and of the dead (re-) birth is a certainly. Therefore you ought not to grieve over an inevitable fact.

Bhagvan explained in the previous verse that anything which takes birth is certain to get destroyed and the destroyed entity is certain to be born again.Read More »