अथ चैनं नित्यजातं नित्यं वा मन्यसे मृतम्।
तथापि त्वं महाबाहो नैवं शोचितुमर्हसि।।2.26।।
On the other hand, if you think this One is born continually or dies constantly, even then, O mighty-armed one, you ought not to grieve thus.
So far Bhagvan explained the pointlessness of grief owing to the eternity and immutability of atman. Now He explains Read More »
तस्मादेवं विदित्वैनं नानुशोचितुमर्हसि।।2.25।।
It is said that This is unmanifest; This is inconceivable; This is unchangeable. Therefore, having known This thus, you ougth not to grieve.
Continuing from the last verse, Bhagvan states that this atman is beyond the realm of senses. That this atman is not the object of any of the senses Read More »
अच्छेद्योऽयमदाह्योऽयमक्लेद्योऽशोष्य एव च।
नित्यः सर्वगतः स्थाणुरचलोऽयं सनातनः।।2.24।।
It cannot be cut, It cannot be burnt, cannot be moistened, and surely cannot be dried up. It is eternal, omnipresent, stationary, unmoving and changeless.
In the previous verse, it is explained that embodied is partless. Since it is so, this embodied cannot be cut, burnt, moistened or dried.
The elements aakash, vayu, agni, jal, prithvi i.e. the panchbhootas, Read More »
नैनं छिन्दन्ति शस्त्राणि नैनं दहति पावकः।
न चैनं क्लेदयन्त्यापो न शोषयति मारुतः।।2.23।।
Weapons do not cut It, fire does not burn It, water does not moisten It, and air does not dry It.
A question was raised in the previous verse as to why does this embodied remain unchanged? The answer is provided in this shloka.Read More »
वासांसि जीर्णानि यथा विहाय नवानि गृह्णाति नरोऽपराणि।
तथा शरीराणि विहाय जीर्णान्यन्यानि संयाति नवानि देही।।2.22।।
As after rejecting wornout clothes a man takes up other new ones, likewise after rejecting wornout bodies the embodied one unites with other new ones.
However, let us return to the topic of discussion. The topic is the imperishability of Atman. What exactly it is like?Read More »
वेदाविनाशिनं नित्यं य एनमजमव्ययम्।
कथं स पुरुषः पार्थ कं घातयति हन्ति कम्।।2.21।।
O Partha, he who knows this One as indestructible, eternal, birthless and undecaying, how and whom does that person kill, or whom does he cause to be killed! [This is not a question but only an emphatic denial.-Tr.]
In the previous verse, Bhagvan established the reasons for the freedom of atman from transformation. And now he concludes the argument in this shloka.
One who knows the atman as imperishable, Read More »
न जायते म्रियते वा कदाचिन्नायं भूत्वा भविता वा न भूयः।
अजो नित्यः शाश्वतोऽयं पुराणो न हन्यते हन्यमाने शरीरे।।2.20।।
Never is this One born, and never does It die; nor is it that having come to exist, It will again cease to be. This One is birthless, eternal, undecaying, ancient; It is not killed when the body is killed.
But how is this atman changeless?Read More »