Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.35

Gita 3.35

श्रेयान्स्वधर्मो विगुणः परधर्मात्स्वनुष्ठितात्।
स्वधर्मे निधनं श्रेयः परधर्मो भयावहः।।3.35।।

Swa-dharma, though lacking in merits, is superior to para-dharma even if well-performed. Death is better while engaged in swa-dharma; para-dharma is fraught with fear.

This verse is initiated in order to show the fallacy of the view that para-dharma, being dharma, can be performed by anyone. Bhagvan seeks to clarify that this is misinterpretation of the meaning of shastra and this misinterpretation happens due to raga and dvesha.

Bhagvan says that one’s own dharma (as prescribed by shastra) which is duly performed is superior and more admirable even if it is without merits.

Superior to what? Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.35”

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Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.34

Gita 3.34

इन्द्रियस्येन्द्रियस्यार्थे रागद्वेषौ व्यवस्थितौ।
तयोर्न वशमागच्छेत्तौ ह्यस्य परिपन्थिनौ।।3.34।।

Attraction and aversion are ordained with regard to the objects of all the senses. One should not come under the sway of these two, because they are his adversaries.

A doubt was raised in the previous verse that shastra would be rendered purposeless owing to the absence of personal effort if everyone were behaving exactly according to their prakriti. In this verse, Bhagvan seeks to answer that.

Raga (=attachment) and dvesha (=aversion) are sure to occur for senses with respect to all their sense-objects such as shabda etc (sparsh, rupa, rasa and gandha). Raga is there in the desirable sense-objects and dvesha is there in the undesirable ones.  Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.34”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.33

Gita 3.33

सदृशं चेष्टते स्वस्याः प्रकृतेर्ज्ञानवानपि।
प्रकृतिं यान्ति भूतानि निग्रहः किं करिष्यति।।3.33।।

Even a man having jnana behaves according to his own prakriti. Living beings follow (their) prakriti. What can restraint do?

A question was raised in previous verse as to why people don’t conform to the teachings of Bhagvan and have fear of the consequent sin accruing due to violation of the commands of Ishwara. Why exactly they don’t engage in swa-dharma while pretty well situating in para-dharma? This verse is initiated in response to that question.

Bhagvan says that prakriti is the name of the samskaras (=impressions) which have resulted from the dharma and adharma done earlier (in earlier lives) and which have manifested in present birth etc. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.33”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.32

Gita 3.32

ये त्वेतदभ्यसूयन्तो नानुतिष्ठन्ति मे मतम्।
सर्वज्ञानविमूढांस्तान्विद्धि नष्टानचेतसः।।3.32।।

But those who, carping this, do not follow My teaching, know them-who are deluded about all knowledge and who are devoid of discrimination-to have gone to ruin.

Bhagvan said in previous verse that those who have shraddha unto Him, who don’t envy him and who conform to His teaching get liberated from the clutches of karma named as dharma and adharma. In this verse, Bhagvan says that on the contrary, people who criticise or carp at His teaching and who don’t follow that are to be understood as deluded in many fashions in respect of all knowledge. Also they are to be known to be a ruined lot for lacking in viveka.   Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.32”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.31

Gita 3.31

ये मे मतमिदं नित्यमनुतिष्ठन्ति मानवाः।
श्रद्धावन्तोऽनसूयन्तो मुच्यन्ते तेऽपि कर्मभिः।।3.31।।

Those persons who always conform to this teaching of Mine with faith and without envy, they also become liberated from karma.

In the previous verse, Bhagvan instructed that an ajnani person desirous of liberation and competent to perform karma should perform the karmas by surrendering them unto paramatman with vivek-buddhi that he is doing the karma for Ishwara like a servant does for master.

In this verse, Bhagvan says that those human beings who conform to this view of mine (that ‘karma is kartavya (for ajnani competent person) which was stated with pramana)’ and have shraddha unto me and who don’t envy me, the supreme teacher Vasudeva, get liberated from the sway of karmas named as dharma and adharma.

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.30

Gita 3.30

मयि सर्वाणि कर्माणि संन्यस्याध्यात्मचेतसा।
निराशीर्निर्ममो भूत्वा युध्यस्व विगतज्वरः।।3.30।।

Devoid of fever (=agitation/worry/sorrow), engage in battle by renouncing all karmas unto Me, with (your) mind intent on the Self, and becoming free from expectations and egoism.

Bhagvan said in the previous verse that an atma-vit should not unsettle the beliefs of a person who is attached to the karma-fala. Here in this verse, Bhagvan seeks to prescribe to an ajnani person, who is desirous of mukti and who is competent to perform karma, a method through which he should undertake karma.

Bhagvan says that such a person should renounce i.e. surrendered or offered all karmas through viveka-buddhi i.e. the buddhi – ‘I am a doer of karmas for Ishwara like a servant’. The karmas are to be renounced i.e. surrendered or offered through viveka-buddhi unto me Vasudeva, the omniscient Parameshwara, who is atman of all. (=This is karma yoga).    Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.30”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.29

Gita 3.29

प्रकृतेर्गुणसम्मूढाः सज्जन्ते गुणकर्मसु।
तानकृत्स्नविदो मन्दान्कृत्स्नविन्न विचालयेत्।।3.29।।

Those who are wholly deluded by the gunas of Prakriti become attached to the karmas of the gunas. The knower of the All should not disturb those of dull intellect, who do not know the All.

In previous verse, Bhagvan states that the tattva-vit understands that it is the gunas in the form of senses which are operating in gunas in the form of vishaya. And that atman is nowhere concerned. Thinking thus, he is not attached. In this verse, Bhagvan states that those who are completely deluded by the gunas of Prakriti get attached to the karmas OF gunas thinking – ‘we do the karma for karma-fala’.  Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.29”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.28

Gita 3.28

तत्त्ववित्तु महाबाहो गुणकर्मविभागयोः।
गुणा गुणेषु वर्तन्त इति मत्वा न सज्जते।।3.28।।

But, O mighty-armed one, the one who is a knower of the facts about the varieties of the gunas (alities) and actions does not become attached, thinking thus: ‘The organs rest (act) on the objects of the organs.’

Bhagvan stated in previous shloka that all karmas, whether worldly or enjoined by Shastra, are done by the gunas of prakriti which have transformed as karya and karana i.e. body and senses. One who is not vidvaan, i.e. one who has avidya considers the body-sense-complex as oneself and thus erroneously considers himself as doer whereas the real fact is that the karmas are done by the gunas of prakriti. In this verse Bhagvan says that a tattva-vit (=the knower of real stuff) does not get attached. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.28”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.27

Gita 3.27

प्रकृतेः क्रियमाणानि गुणैः कर्माणि सर्वशः।
अहङ्कारविमूढात्मा कर्ताऽहमिति मन्यते।।3.27।।

While karmas are being done in every way by the gunas of prakriti, one whose mind is deluded by ahamkara thinks thus: ‘I am the doer.’

This shloka is initiated by Bhagvan in order to show as to how an ignorant person gets attached in karmas. Bhagvan explains in this verse that prakriti is pradhan.

What exactly is pradhan?

It is the name given to the equilibrium state of three gunas i.e. satva, rajas and tamas. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.27”

Shrimad Bhagvad Gita

Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.26

Gita 3.26

न बुद्धिभेदं जनयेदज्ञानां कर्मसङ्गिनाम्।
जोषयेत्सर्वकर्माणि विद्वान् युक्तः समाचरन्।।3.26।।

The vidvaan (=knower of atman) should not create disturbance in the beliefs of the ignorant, who are attached to work. Working, while himself remaining integrated (=yuktah), he (=vidvaan) should make them (=avidvaan) do all the karmas.

Bhagvan says in this verse that a vidvaan person, an atma-vit, should not cause disturbance in the buddhi of ajnanis who are attached to karmas. They have this firm buddhi – ‘this is my kartavya and the fruit of this karma will have to be enjoyed by me’. A jnani should not cause disturbance in such firm buddhi of the ignorant. Continue reading “Shankar Bhashya on Gita- One shloka a day- 3.26”